Death penalty is the greatest level of punishment one could ever have in their life. Also known as capital punishment is a legal punishment is a legal process where the state sends a death row inmate to execution as a punishment for a grave offense committed. The death penalty is given in such criminal offense where the crime is as comparable as taking lives. The death penalty is given in many cases according to the rules and regulation of a country. But the death penalty pros and cons are different according to a different person.
In some countries, it is still in practice while in the United States, it has been abolished in some states and still observed in several other states. There are many countries where the death penalty has been long abolished and another form of punishment instead of the death penalty is applied. Its use continues to divide into two parts as pro-death penalty and anti-death penalty supporters. The pro-death penalty supporters see the death penalty as the most suitable punishment and effective punishment for the worst crimes to mankind. While the anti-death penalty supporters see the punishment as inhumane and expensive. China and USA are among the countries with the most executions. Murder and drug trafficking are the most common crimes that are punishable by the death penalty, although adultery, witchcraft or other political activism can also be committed for the death penalty in some part of the world.
Pros and cons of the death penalty
The world is divided into 2 parts as the supporters and haters of the death penalty. Many countries have already abolished the death penalty while it is still in practice in many other. Some of the pros and cons of the death penalty are given below.
Pros of Death Penalty
- Lower cost opposed to life imprisonment without payroll
The death penalty is not expensive for a government as it is for the life imprisonment without payroll. While there is no clear contention that the death penalty cost less than life imprisonment, life imprisonment is accumulatively higher the expenses of food, health care and other costs for sustaining life in prison.
- It deters would-be criminals
The death penalty for certain crime determines the crime rate. According to a study in the late 60’s, there was 7% increase in crime rate after the law was abolished. While the crime rate decreased significantly with an increase in the death row who were executed each year.
- It is quick, painless and humane
The process of execution is quick and painless, so any discussion about the death penalty being inhumane and unusual is not valid. Giving the death penalty is totally different from the process that is carried out.
- It’s just a punishment
The death penalty is just a punishment that is given against the crime committed related the harm to life or similar offense. The right to life and freedom is for everyone and whoever tries to do any harm to those rights is punishable. Crimes like murder, rape, and assault committed by perpetrators who have no regard for life and property of others. Since they violate other’s lives, it is fair that they are brought to justice and suffer the fate they rightfully deserve.
- It appeases the victims or victims’ families
The death penalty can provide the victim or victims’ family some help in overcoming the suffering they had to go through because of the culprit. The sense of justice alone provides help in overcoming the suffering.
Cons of Death Penalty
- Innocent people are wrongly executed
The biggest disadvantage in the death penalty is that sometimes justice is wrongly provided. Sometimes innocent people are wrongly involved in the crime and the death penalty is provided to the innocent. Hence, execution is sometimes considered the inappropriate solution to crime.
- It is a form of revenge
While many think it is just a punishment, the opponents argue that it is a form of revenge on the crime committed to another individual. Tit for tat principle can be considered in many other senses, but “an eye for an eye will make the whole world blind” and that’s a fact. A kill for a kill is unconstitutional.
- Rehabilitation failure
Putting someone in death penalty closes every door for the criminal to acknowledge his mistake. A life imprisonment is far more painful and would at least provide a criminal time to acknowledge their mistake and help them bring changes in their behavior through the realization.
- The death penalty is not cost-effective
At a glance, the death penalty might seem a cheaper option, but when all practical and legal costs are considered, it is much costlier than imprisoning for the lifetime. Plus, the criminal gets enough time to change their behavior that might shorten their time in prison.
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Conclusion for death penalty pros and cons
You can have an argument for both the pros and cons of the death penalty, but none of them are completely wrong or right. Death penalty sometimes is very essential to establish law and order in a country, while it can be replaced in many other cases where it is definitely not necessary. A death penalty must be the ultimate option when no other punishment seems to be fair enough for the culprit. The right of every individual must be kept intact, a verdict must be made in such a way.